カテゴリ:トルコ( 11 )

brad

word forms
- consider > consideration > considerable > considerate

phrasal verbs / verb phrases -
show > show up > show off
look > look up > look up to > look into

tenses >
past / simple present / present continuous or present progressive / future / perfect tenses

sentence structures >
S + TV + DO (subject + transitive verb + direct object)
S + IV (subject + intransitive verb)
DO + IO (direct object + indirect object)

subject-verb agreement
conjunctions
prepositions
prefixes
suffixes
prefix + root word + suffix
un/in (not) + comprehend + adjective suffix (able)


1st: If it rains I will be wet. > I'm expecting it to rain.
2nd: If it rained I would be wet.
3rd: If it had rained I would have been wet.

zero conditional: If ice melts, it turns to water.

pay to : for the amount of:

The king had me arrested.
The king had me arrest the criminal.
I had my hair cut.
I had my phone fixed / repaired.

[PR]
by dangao41 | 2018-01-19 22:55 | トルコ | Comments(0)

var yok

Var, Yok


Var - Presence - There is/are, has got / have got

Yok - Absence - There is/are not, have/has not got


There is a book on the table.

Masa+da bir (a) kitap var.


Masa + da - on the table


There are 4 pens in the bag.

Çantada dört kalem var.


********************


There is not a teacher in the classroom.

Sınıfta bir öğretmen yok.


There are not many students in the garden.


Bahçede çok öğrenci yok.


Many, much, very, a lot of, too - çok

Garden - bahçe


HOMEWORK: B2G / page 33 translate the sentences below the pics, review the words, page 31 ex 2

NEXT CLASS: ask words, possessive



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2018-01-16 21:06 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Nere+si ? - Where?

Okul neresi? - Where is the school?

Şura+sı. Bura+sı. Ora+sı.



Nere+de ? - Where (in)?

Okul nere+de? - Where is the school?

İstanbul’da. Japonya’da.


In the school - okulda

At the cinema - sinemada

In Istanbul - İstanbul’da

In the old car - Eski arabada


Here is a very beautiful house.

Burası çok güzel bir ev.


There is a new shop (mağaza).

Şurası yeni bir mağaza.

In the red bag - kırmızı çantada

In the yellow book - sarı kitapta


In the street - sokakta

In the garden - bahçede


In the picture - resimde

On the telephone - telefonda






NOUNS


Hair - saç

Face - yüz (100, to swim)

Mouth - ağız

Tooth - diş

Ear - kulak

Eye - göz

Lip - dudak


Çiçek - flower

Meyve - fruit

Gazete - newspaper

Tabak - plate

Kişi - person



ADJECTIVES:


Fat - kilolu (şişman)

Thin - zayıf

Open - açık

Closed - kapalı


Left - sol

Right - sağ


VERBS:


To read - okumak (oku+l)

To write - yazmak (summer - yaz)

To listen - dinlemek

To sleep - uyumak



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2018-01-09 19:04 | トルコ | Comments(0)

nerede, neresi

You should learn prepositions first for understanding the difference well.
They are -de/-den/-e.
'de' is 'at/in/on')-> it is there/here
ex:
evde (at home)
okulda (in school)
masada (on the table)

-"den" is 'from'
ex:
evden (from home)
okuldan (from school)
masadan (from the table) 0

'e' is 'to'
ex:
eve (to home)
okula (to school)
masaya (to the table)

and let's look at your question, the basic form of them is 'nere' which means 'where'

when 'de' is added, "nerede": where is it located?

when 'e' is added it becomes 'nereye' so it means 'where' like "where are you going (to)?"

neresi is like pointing somewhere. 'where??'



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-12-22 22:17 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Bu çiçek mi?

-doğru - correct!

Şu kitap mı?

-doğru - correct!

O ev mi?

-doğru - correct!

O kedi mi?

-doğru - correct!

Bu köpek mi?

-doğru - correct!

Şu üzüm mü?

-doğru - correct!

Şu cocuk mu?

-doğru - correct!

O araba mı?

-doğru - correct!

O araba değil.

-doğru - correct!







DETECTİVE PRONOUNS


Bu - This - Bunlar - These

Şu - That - Şunlar - Those

O - Over there - Onlar - They


Bu - this - here - BURA - burası

Şu - that - there - ŞURA - şurası

O - that over there - over there - ORA - orası


Here is a house - bura bir ev.

There is a school - şura bir okul.

There (over) is a library.- ora bir kütüphane.


Location Case of noun


In / on / at => da/de


In the school => okul+da

In the house => ev+de


In the car - araba+da

In the bag - çanta+da


P, s, ş, h, k, f, t, ç


If the word ends in any of these consonants (P, s, ş, h, k, f, t, ç) in location case of you add

ta (da) or te (de)


Sınıf + ta

Sokak (street)+ ta



HOMEWORK: EX. 16 PAGE 13/HITIT, REVIEW BU, ŞU, O (PLURAL) + LOCATION CASE



NEXT CLASS: GENERAL QUESTİONS (B2G) + LOCATION CASE (B2G) + BU, ŞU, O (B2G)

多分 p23

[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-12-18 13:21 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Kim? - WHO?

Ne? - WHAT?

Neresi? - WHERE?



This - BU


Bu kalem. - This is a pen.


That - ŞU


Şu defter. - That is a copybook.


That over (far) - O


O araba. - That (over) is a car.


Senin adın ne? - What is your name?


  • Bugün - today

  • Hava - weather, air

  • Bekar - single



General Question (yes/no)

Suffix: mı/mi/mu/mü


When the last vowel inside the word is a, ı : mı

Is this an apple? - Bu elma mı?


When the last vowel inside the word is e, i : mi

Is THIS a house? - Bu ev mi?

Is THAT a rubber? - Şu silgi mi?


When the last vowel inside the word is o, u : mu

Is that a school? - Şu okul mu?


When the last vowel inside the word is ö, ü : mü

Are they glasses? - O gözlük mü?


Is this an eye? - Bu göz mü?

  • Evet, bu göz. - Yes, thi is.

  • Hayır, bu göz değil. - No, this is not.



Make up general question sentences of all the words we have learned so far.



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-12-11 12:04 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Thick(kalın): a, ı, u, o

Thin (ince): e, i, ö, ü



Memnun oldum - nice to meet you!

Memnun - nice, pleased

Oldum - I became


Teşekkür ederim - Thank you!

Teşekkür - thank

Ederim - I do


Ben de memnun oldum - nice to meet you too!

De - too, also

Nerelisiniz? - where are you from?

I am japanese - Japonum


Arkadaş - friend


Thank you - teşekkürler, sağolun!



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-12-06 17:50 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Where are you from? - Nerelisin?

I am from Japan - Japonyalıyım. Japonum.


J - C


J - je [je] - Japon

C - ce [dje] - Can


Possesive case


Plural of nouns / verbs: word+lar/ler


Lar - thick vowels - kit(a)p+lar - books

Ler - thin vowels - deft(e)r + ler - notebooks


Kuş - bird

Pencere - window

Masa - table


EXCEPTIONS: saat, harf, kalp + ler


Saat + ler -> hour / watch

Harf + ler -> letter (abc)

Kalp + ler -> heart



Araba - car

Sözlük - dictionary

Soru - question



Hoş geldiniz! - Welcome!

Hoş - nice,well, good

Geldiniz - you came


How are you? - nasılsınız?

I am - iyi

I am not bad - fena değil [di:l]

Fena - bad

Değil - not

Pencere + ler

Kuş + lar

Masa + lar



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-12-06 17:49 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

çiçek
araba
çocuk
gözlük
üzüm
kedi
köpek
ev
kitap

mrhaba,
benim adım maria. sizin adınız ne

memnun oldum
nasılsınız
siz nasılsınız
siz narelisiniz

bu da arkadaşım sibel
sen nerelisin

[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-11-13 11:52 | トルコ | Comments(0)

トルコ

Ö - Ömer

O - Ortam


Ü - Üzüm

U - Uzun


Ölüm, göz


F - fe, S - se, T - te, K - ke, Ç - çe, Ş - şe, H- he, P - pe


Hard consonants: FıSTıKÇı ŞaHaP

Soft consonants: rest of the consonants are soft


VOCABULARY

Kalem - pen

Defter - notebook

Sınıf - classroom

Yağmur - rain

Kardeş - sibling (brother, sister)

Elma - apple

Anne - mother

Merhaba - Hi

Bilgisayar - computer


Bread - ekmek


İyi akşamlar! - Good evening!


İyi - good

Akşam - evening


Hoş geldiniz! - Welcome!

Hoşça kal! - Good bye!


Silgi - eraser, rubber

Onlar - they

Dinleme - listening

Asansör - lift, elevator

Ben ve sen - I and You

Ve - and


Öğrenci - student

Öğretmen - teacher


İyi günler! - Have a good day!

Gün - day


Nasılsınız? - How are you? (polite)

Okul - School

Teşekkür ederim! - Thank you!

Ödev - homework



[PR]
by dangao41 | 2017-11-06 17:47 | トルコ | Comments(0)